Types of Treatment

PAH treatments are available in different forms — also known as administration options. Each form has different dosing requirements and may have different side effects. Be sure to talk with your doctor about which route of administration may be right for you.

  • Oral therapy. Pill medication taken by mouth
  • Inhaled therapy. Medication inhaled through your mouth and into your lungs
  • Pump therapy (infusion). Medication delivered directly into your bloodstream

Learn about additional treatments.

Your doctor may also prescribe medications that are used to treat the effects of PAH on the rest of your body. These can include the following:

  • Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) open the blood vessels
  • Anticoagulants prevent the blood from clotting
  • Diuretics help the body eliminate excess fluid and reduce swelling
  • Antiproliferative agents are anticancer drugs that may reduce abnormal cell growth in the pulmonary arteries
  • Oxygen therapy increases the amount of oxygen available to the blood
  • A balloon atrial septostomy creates a right-to-left interatrial shunt, helping to ease the pressure in the right heart and improve heart function
  • A heart or lung transplant is performed only in rare cases for select patients with the most severe cases of PAH and is limited by organ availability

This information is not intended to provide an exhaustive review of treatment options or replace a thorough discussion with your doctor.